INTRODUCTION TO HARDSCAPE CONSTRUCTION
I have been teaching Landscape Construction at Midlands Technical College for almost 10 years. I feel that “landscape” and “landscaping” are words that are over used. Today, I am going to refer to landscape construction as hardscape construction. Hardscapes are non-plant parts in the landscape.
Hardscape features are (1) walkways, (2) driveways, (3) patios, (4) decks, (5) retaining walls, (6) ponds, (7) fences, (8) pergolas, (9) arbors (10) gazeboes and outdoor kitchens and (11) campgrounds. Closely related topics under hardscape construction are: water control; (1) irrigation and (2) drainage.
Driveways lead from the street to the garage. They should be wide enough (14 ft.) for the vehicle and pedestrian traffic. Some of the driveway materials are stamped and colored concrete, clay brick and concrete pavers.
Pergolas are open and airy structures, extending the living space to the outdoors. When attached to the home, the crossbeams can decrease the afternoon sunlight and glare. They are used to cover patios and decks.